All Things You Should Know Before Travelling to Halong Bay

Ha Long Bay is situated in the northeast of Vietnam, in Quang Ninh Province. It's covers an area of 1,553 sq km, including 1,969 islands. Ha Long Bay is globally renowned, twice recognized as a World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO. Special for the majestic beauty of the dense stones and islands, and the natural caves.

The Legend of Ha Long Bay

Long time ago, according to legend ever since the first settlement of the nation. Vietnam was attacked from the sea. To help for Vietnamese people fighting with enemy. Then Emperor Jade sent Mother Dragon and her children down to assist the Vietnamese against the invaders. When enemy ships were coming, the dragons flew down from the skies and spat pearls into the ocean. These turned into a number of jade islands. They linked with each other to make a solid wall which blocked the approaching enemy ships that collapsed in the rocks and were torn to pieces.

After the victory the mother dragon and her children thought that. Vietnam so beautiful country with friendly people. Then they decided to stay as opposed and not return to the heaven. Where the Mother Dragon base is Ha Long Bay. Dragon's Children call Bai Tu Long Bay. Special their tails now is Bach Long Vi island.

How Ha Long Bay is #1 Tourist Attraction in Vietnam?

UNESCO recognized it as a World Natural Heritage twice. Ha Long Bay encircles 1, 969 islands of various sizes that are concentrated in two chief zones: the south east and the south west. The bay has been known as a World Natural Heritage in 1994, by UNESCO for the pure beauty, also for the second time for its geographic and geomorphologic values since 2000. Because the reason as below.

The Value of Natural Beauty

Ha Long Bay covers a total area of 1,553 km², such as 1, 969 islands of different sizes, 989 of that have been given names. There are two types of karts. It's is limestone and schist. The average age of the islands is between 250 and 280 million years old. Ha Long Bay was called by the wonderful national poet Nguyen Trai: A marvel of the earth erected towards the large skies. While discover the beauty of Ha Long bay, visitors may feel lost in a world of stone islands that shapes change depending upon angle and the light. There are various names given to islands based on their shapes and forms. Such as Hon Dau Nguoi, Hon Rong, Hon Canh Buom, Hon Trong Mai...

However the beauty of the Halong Bay doesn't consist only in the types of its islands and the color of its waters. But additionally in its rich system of grottoes and caves. Like Thien Cung, Dau Go, Sung Sot, Tam Cung, Trinh Nu, Thien Canh Son, Me Cung, Hang Luon... Each is a grandiose and refined natural architectural creation.

Value of Geological

The most remarkable events of Ha Long Bay's history in the last 1,000 years incorporate the advance of the sea, the raising of the bay region and the strong erosion which has formed pure and coral blue and salted water. This process of erosion by sea water has escalated the rock, contributing to its fantastic beauty. Nowadays. Ha Long Bay is the outcome of the long process of evolution which has been affected by so many factors. It's because of all of these factors the tourists visiting Ha Long Bay aren't just treated to one of the true wonders of the world, but additionally into a precious geological museum which has been obviously preserved in the open atmosphere for the last 300 million decades.

Value of Biodiversity

Results of scientific research shows that Ha Long Bay features ecosystems of a tropics ocean region. Like ecosystem of coral reefs with 232 species of coral distributed mostly in the regions of Cong Do and Bo Hon. It's also home to 81 species of gastropoda, 55 species of polycheta, 130 species of bivalvia and 57 species of crabs. The ecosystem of salt water flooded forests mainly concentrated in the areas of Tuan Chau area. It's the most diversified collection of species of salt water flooded plant in North Viet Nam.

In addition, living in this ecosystem is a great of species of animals: migrating birds, polycheta, seaweed, reptile. Ha Long Bay has ecosystem of tropics rain forests with creatures and various rare. Such things. Deer, weasels, squirrels and particularly, white tabby and red haired monkeys. Additionally, there's a system of small caves along the sea, that are the living and development areas for many animals and plants: algae, aquatic plants, algae, fish and shrimps. Deeper in the water, there are also many species of shrimp, fish, abalone along with other sea specialities.

Historical and Cultural Value

Ha Long is a location closely linked to Viet Nam's history with this kind of geographic names as: Van Don, Bai Tho Mountain and Bach Dang River.

This isn't all, Ha Long has been proven by scientists to be among the first cradle of human existence in the region, with archaeological sites like Dong Mang, Xich Tho, Soi Nhu and Thoi Gieng.

Twice Recognized by UNESCO as a World Natural Heritage site.

On December 17, 1994, Ha Long Bay was recognized as a world natural heritage for its pure beauty in the eighteenth meeting of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO at Thailand. On December 12, 2000, Ha Long Bay was recognized as a world natural heritage for the second time based on its value in the 24th meeting of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO at Cairns, Australia.

The site that is recognized covers an area of 434 km², contains 775 islands and forms a triangle: with Dau Go Island to the west, Ba Ham Lake to the south east and Cong Tay Island to the east. The visitors researching Ha Long Bay are treated to one of the real wonders of the world, enjoy interesting encounter with biking, and take an overnight cruise on the traditional junk around the bay. There are cruise tours with daily departures from Hanoi, with various conveniences and itineraries.

Here are some answers for questions to find out clear information for Ha long Bay trip

What is there to do in Halong Bay?

Halong Bay offers many different activities to discover. Usually, travelers choose 1 day, 2 days or 3 days or even 4 or 5 days to discover the bay beauties. With traditional itinerary, the cruise trip is the best way to discover the bay.

Most cruises have itinerary to combine visiting cave, relax on beach and swimming on emerald water as well as kayak through the bay to discover limestone islands and floating villages.

How do you get to Halong Bay?

The popular way to travel to Ha Long Bay is from Hanoi. If you book a cruise trip there is always a transport from Hanoi to the bay and return.

  • By tourism shuttle bus

The bus leave in Hanoi around 7.30 am and go around Hanoi Old Quarter and Hoan Kiem Lake for collecting traveller to Halong Bay. This is the cheap and convenient for cruise you choose to book you will travel on that shuttle bus

  • By private car

This is the best choice if you don’t want to spend time and wait driver go around at hotel to collect traveller. You book a private and choose the set time. And driver can collect you at any hotel. Along the way you can ask driver nonstop while shuttle bus always has 15 minutes rest after 2 hours driver.

  • By train

It is not popular transportation to Ha Long Bay because the train goes slow as well as it just arrive in Halong city centre. Then you need to move from train station to the harbor. If you don’t know clearly about your cruise trip’s harbor in Halong Bay, it sometimes make you go to wrong harbor. Because there are many harbors in Halong like Hon Gai, Cai Lan, Tuan Chau, etc

  • Travel from Hai Phong

It also requires you to take a taxi or book a private car from Cat Bi airport to Halong Bay. If you travel 2 ways, it is better you book a private car. Otherwise, only 1 way Cat Bi airport to Halong Bay, it is better you take a taxi to save time.

  • By public bus

It starts at Luong Yen bus station, My Dinh or Gia Lam bus station. The bus will stop at Bai Chay bus station in Halong City. It takes 4 hours on bus

Cost is around 100,000 – 130,000 VND/ticket

  • The main route

Ha Noi – Hai Duong – Hai Phong – Bay Chay (Ha Long)

The disadvantage of this transportation is the driver cannot speak English. And if there is any problem for transport on the way, it is easy for you to get lost.

  • By Seaplane

This is adventure transportation to reach Halong and discover Halong from the high place. It is the fastest way and an amazing 45 minutes from Hanoi to Halong Bay to discover its beauties.

The seaplane leaves from airport in Hanoi city and it can hold 7 people included pilot and passengers.

You can book with seaplane trip to share with some people to get better price and it requires minimum to book 2 people.

Otherwise you can choose 15 minutes scenic only in Tuan Chau Marine to visit Halong Bay.

The fee for seaplane now is not much it is around 100 USD for 15 minutes scenic and 275 USD each person for 45 minutes including flight from Hanoi to Halong or vice versa

How much is a cruise in Halong Bay?

There are many types of cruises in Ha Long Bay. Therefore, they have different costs base on each cruise. The day cruise trip starts with the price from 50 USD per person. When you choose longer time the price is more expensive than. Also you choose share cruise or private the cost is so different. Therefore, the price of room on cruise base on the cruise name you choose. Cruise cost around 100 usd/per person to 500 usd/per person or more expensive than. You may book Vietnam tour packages including Halong Bay, you will save time and money.

It is recommended that you should choose from budget of 3-star quality to luxury 5 star to travel on Ha long Bay cruise. It is good for price and service quality.

What airport to go to Halong Bay?

For traveling to Ha Long Bay, traveler has two choices for flights.

  • From Noi Bai airport in Hanoi city.

Most international flights and domestic flights from other cities land on Noi Bai airport. Visitor can travel directly to Halong Bay once arrive in the airport or spend 1 night in Hanoi city before Ha Long Bay tour. It takes 4 hours from the airport to Halong Bay.

  • From Cat Bi airport in Hai Phong City.

There are some domestic flights to Cat Bi airport. It is 70km far away from Halong Bay so it takes around 1.5 hour to reach the bay. It is easy for taking morning flight to join Halong Bay cruise trip at noon time.

Is Halong Bay a wonder of the world?

Hạ Long Bay with Vietnamese is Vịnh Hạ Long is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and very popular destination in Quang Ninh, Vietnam. The bay belongs to Halong City and located in Cam Pha town and a part of Van Don district.

Yes the beauties of Halong Bay is majestic and it is also in the list New Seven World Wonder in 2007. As a result, there is no reason to say that Halong Bay isnot a wonder of the world. In fact, it is one of the must see first destination in Vietnam.

Is there a train from Hanoi to Halong Bay?

Yes. Of course as any city in Vietnam, there is a train station in Halong city. However, it is not a popular transportation for traveler because it requires to have more move once arriving the train station.

The train leaves in Hanoi at Yen Vien train station at 4:55 am and arrive in Ha Long city at 11:34 am. The train only hard seat. Because it is the train for local people, it is a great opportunity for you to interact with local people and their daily life and moving.

However, the disadvantage is that train station in Halong city is about 5km to cruises harbor or even longer than to Tuan Chau Marine. So visitor must take taxi to get there. And another uncomforting is that train timetable can change its schedule.

How is Ha Long Bay formed?

Halong Bay islands are formed by karst. Some rocks such as limestone can be dissolved by weakly acidic water. Carbon dioxide in air and soil combines with water to form weak carbonic acid. Therefore, it formed karst and made the mainly for islands and islets in Halong Bay.

How many islands are there in Ha Long Bay?

Ha Long Bay is in the Gulf of Tonkin. It includes some 1,969 islands and islets. All of them form a spectacular seascape of limestone pillars. Most of the islands are uninhabited and unaffected by a human presence thanks to their precipitous nature.

What is Ha Long Bay famous for?

Ha Long Bay is a natural wonder in Vietnam. Therefore, it is famous for its scenic rock formations. With 1969 limestone islands jutting imposingly upon the skyline, Halong Bay surely an unforgettable rising islands and islets in Vietnam which everyone cannot forget once visiting.

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